What did William Whyte do?
William Hollingsworth “Holly” Whyte, Jr. (October 1, 1917 – January 12, 1999) was an American urbanist, sociologist, organizational analyst, journalist and people-watcher. He identified the elements that create vibrant public spaces within the city and filmed a variety of urban plazas in New York City in the 1970s.
What is triangulation William Whyte?
Triangulation. Whyte describes a phenomenon he calls “triangulation” in which some external stimulus provides a social bond between people and prompts strangers to talk to each other as though they were not(p. 94).
What did William Whyte write?
Whyte’s books on the environment were ”Cluster Development” (1964), ”The Last Landscape” (1968), ”The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces” (1980) and ”City” (1989).
What was the basic need for sociologist William H Whyte to study urban open spaces?
The Power of Observation. By observing and by talking to people, Whyte believed, we can learn a great deal about what people want in public spaces and can put this knowledge to work in creating places that shape livable communities.
What was William Whyte The Organization Man critical of?
A central tenet of the book is that average Americans subscribed to a collectivist ethic rather than to the prevailing notion of rugged individualism. Whyte’s book led to deeper examinations of the concept of “commitment” and “loyalty” within corporations.
What did William Whyte conclude in his study of public plazas in NYC?
Their study found that tree canopies, water features, sculptures and food vendors all played a role in attracting people to urban plazas and parks. The study concluded that the greater the number of these key features, the more people gravitated to these public spaces.
What did William H Whyte criticize in the organization man?
Whyte was no Ayn Rand, whose “Atlas Shrugged” was published less than a year after “The Organization Man”; Whyte argued for an “individualism within organization life.” But he still saw a rebalancing of American values chipping away at Americans’ human potential—and their happiness.
What clan is Whyte?
Clan White. WHITE / WHYTE: Although this surname is common throughout Britain, it is considered that the origin of the name might lie in some ancestor being of ‘fair complexion’, and as such was common among the Anglo-Saxon and Nordic inhabitants of early Britain, multifarious lines quickly evolved.
What did the Organization Man criticize?
Whyte’s book matched the fiction best seller of the period, The Man In The Gray Flannel Suit (1955) by Sloan Wilson in inspiring criticism that those Americans motivated to win World War II returned to ostensibly less-meaningful lives.
What did John Whyte study in the 1970s?
He identified the elements that create vibrant public spaces within the city and filmed a variety of urban plazas in New York City in the 1970s. After his book about corporate culture The Organization Man (1956) sold over two million copies, Whyte turned his attention to the study of human behavior in urban settings.
Where was William Whyte born?
Whyte was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania in 1917. An early graduate of St. Andrew’s School in Middletown, Delaware, he graduated from Princeton University in 1939 and then served in Marine Corps between 1941 and 1945.
When did John Whyte write the organization man?
After his book about corporate culture The Organization Man (1956) sold over two million copies, Whyte turned his attention to the study of human behavior in urban settings. He published several books on the topic, including The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces (1980).
When was Whyte’s book social life of small urban spaces published?
Although Whyte’s Social Life of Small Urban Spaces was first published in 1980, this book doesn’t feel dated at all, reading it some 30 years later. (The exception is the appendix with Whyte’s tips on conducting time lapse filming).