What does nitrogen balance refer to?
Nitrogen balance is the difference between the amount of nitrogen consumed per day and the amount of nitrogen excreted per day. This definition can be expressed by the formula. Nitrogen balance = ( grams of nitrogen eaten − grams of nitrogen lost )
Who is most likely to have a positive nitrogen balance?
Positive nitrogen balance: growing infants, children, adolescents, pregnant women, and people recovering from protein deficiency or illness.
What is negative nitrogen balance quizlet?
def negative nitrogen balance. when the output exceeds the intake of nitrogen. cases of -ve nitrogen balance. – starvation , malabsorption.
What might cause a positive and negative nitrogen balance?
Growing children and adolescents accumulate nitrogen and are therefore said to be in positive nitrogen balance. Starving, immobilized, and severely ill people, in contrast, break down tissue protein and lose more nitrogen than they take in; they are said to be in negative nitrogen balance.
What is positive nitrogen balance quizlet?
Positive nitrogen balance is when protein intake excees protein loss. Individuals growing or recovering, atheletes, pregnant women etc. In negative balance protein losses exceed protein intake.
What is meant by nitrogen balance give examples of conditions associated with positive and negative nitrogen balance?
During growth, pregnancy, lactation, and recovery from convalescence, the body is in positive nitrogen balance since it is retaining nitrogen for the purpose of synthesizing new protein tissues. During dietary deprivation, most illnesses, and certain types of stress, the body loses nitrogen and is in negative balance.
What is negative and positive nitrogen balance?
Positive nitrogen balance is associated with periods of growth, hypothyroidism, tissue repair, and pregnancy. Negative nitrogen balance is associated with burns, serious tissue injuries, fevers, hyperthyroidism, wasting diseases, and during periods of fasting.
What are 2 causes of a negative nitrogen balance?
A negative nitrogen balance may occur during physical or emotional stress, starvation, when an individual is on a very low calorie diet, or when the quality of protein is poor (e.g. when the diet is lacking essential amino acids).
What is a positive nitrogen balance and what kind of person has this condition quizlet?
Positive nitrogen balance is when lost nitrogen exceeds nitrogen consumed with food. Positive nitrogen balance occurs when a person is always in a state of hunger. You just studied 22 terms!
What are examples of Positive nitrogen balance?
An athlete can have a positive nitrogen balance. High-quality protein in chicken breast helps contribute nitrogen to the body. Beans and corn are considered complimentary sources of dietary protein. Malnutrition and low protein levels can cause a negative nitrogen balance. Lean meats and dairy products are good sources of high-quality protein.
What is positive and negative nitrogen balance?
To be in a negative nitrogen balance means the body is losing more nitrogen than it is taking in. Conversely, a positive nitrogen balance means there is more nitrogen (from amino acids) being consumed than lost.
Where does positive nitrogen balance occur?
Positive nitrogen balance exists when nitrogen intake is greater than nitrogen output. This can occur in growth states, during pregnancy and in clients who are in the healing phase of burn injuries. Negative nitrogen balance exists when nitrogen output is greater than nitrogen intake.
What is nitrogen balance in nutrition?
Nitrogen balance is a measure of nitrogen input minus nitrogen output. Nitrogen Balance = Nitrogen intake – Nitrogen loss. Sources of nitrogen intake include meat, dairy, eggs, nuts and legumes, and grains and cereals. Examples of nitrogen losses include urine, feces, sweat, hair, and skin.