What is the medical term for inflammation of the peritoneum?
Peritonitis is a redness and swelling (inflammation) of the tissue that lines your belly or abdomen. This tissue is called the peritoneum. It can be a serious, deadly disease.
What is the medical term that means pertaining to behind the peritoneum?
THE HUMAN BODY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE Retroperitoneal (ret-roh-pehr-ih-toh-NEE-al) means located behind the peritoneum (retro- means behind, periton means peritoneum, and -eal means pertaining to). For example, the location of the kidneys is retroperitoneal with one on each side of the spinal column.
What is the meaning of peritoneal irritation?
Peritonitis is an inflammation (irritation) of the peritoneum. This is the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs.
What does peritoneal mean in medical terms?
(PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul) Having to do with the parietal peritoneum (the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity) and visceral peritoneum (the tissue that covers most of the organs in the abdomen, including the intestines).
What is meant by peritoneal?
relating to, by means of, or enclosed by the peritoneum, the membrane lining the abdominal cavity:Perforation of the ulcer may occur, with escape of stomach contents into the peritoneal cavity.In peritoneal dialysis, the lining of the abdominal cavity acts like the external filter to cleanse the blood. …
What type of pain is associated with peritoneal irritation?
Signs of peritoneal irritation normally occur if there is any pathological process in the abdominal cavity. They are characterized by pain or tenderness on palpation. The irritation can be marked or diffused.
What can cause peritoneal irritation?
Common causes of ruptures that lead to peritonitis include:
- Medical procedures, such as peritoneal dialysis.
- A ruptured appendix, stomach ulcer or perforated colon.
What does the term peritoneum mean?
Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue.
What is your peritoneum?
The peritoneum covers all of the organs within the tummy (abdomen), such as the bowel and the liver. It protects the organs and acts as a barrier to infection. It has 2 layers. One layer lines the abdominal wall and is called the parietal layer.
What are the four types of peritoneum?
The peritoneum is comprised of 2 layers: the superficial parietal layer and the deep visceral layer. The peritoneal cavity contains the omentum, ligaments, and mesentery. Intraperitoneal organs include the stomach, spleen, liver, first and fourth parts of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, transverse, and sigmoid colon.
What are the symptoms of peritoneal disease?
Unbearable pain in the abdomen
How to diagnose peritonitis?
Physical examination – the abdomen is hard and painful.