What was Africa like before European colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. Subsequently, European colonization of Africa developed rapidly from around 10% (1870) to over 90% (1914) in the Scramble for Africa (1881–1914).
Why was Europe more advanced than Africa?
The landmass of Eurasia, laid out on an east-west axis, allowed for the sharing of crops, animals, germs(diseases) and ideas. Domesticated Animals here was also an advantage. North and South America, as well as Africa had a lack of large domestic animals such as Europe and Asia.. ( Europe had the Horse, Oxen).
How did the rise of Europe impact Africa?
Europeans used their superior shipping and skills and military power (primarily their guns) to dominate trade to and from Africa. Europeans became the leading traders of Asian and African consumer goods. This was particularly striking in the early centuries of trade.
Why was Europe more advanced?
Europe was not more technologically advanced than the rest of the world. It had military technological advancements that the Mesoamericas did not have. However, they were more advanced than Europeans in many areas such as astronomy , math, and agriculture (specifically irrigation).
Why was Africa so easily colonized?
The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. This led to even more deaths of animals and people, and due to their physical and mental weakness, they were unable to fight against European powers.
What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa quizlet?
Positive effects of Imperialism in Africa were new goods and resources so African products became available to international markets. Transportation/roads and Improved sanitation. Hospitals,Schools,factories creating more jobs. People were more healthy so Life expectancy increased.
Why does Africa have no history?
According to this imperial historiography, Africa had no history and therefore the Africans were a people without history. They propagated the image of Africa as a ‘dark continent’. It was argued at the time that Africa had no history because history begins with writing and thus with the arrival of the Europeans.
Why didnt Africa develop like Europe?
There simply was not plenty of arable land for agricultural development in most of sub-Saharan Africa relative to what was found in areas around the Nile and Tigris & Euphrates (aka the Fertile Crescent). There just aren’t the same contexts in Africa for the civilizational developments we see in Europe or Asia.
What has been a lasting impact of European colonialism?
Answer Expert Verified. A lasting impact of European colonialism was the creation of A. artificial boundaries created by colonial rulers brought together and separated people arbitrarily.
Why did Europe become so powerful?
Trade was the driving force in making Europe into the dominant world power as it was the midwife for Europe’s superior technology and institutions. And Europe’s trade happened because their food was quite terrible and they were hungry for spices to make their food tastier.
What were the positive effects of European imperialism on Africa?
Some positives historians have pointed out are medicine, education, improved infrastructure, Christianity, and boundaries. The growth of the African population was aided by the Western medicine introduced by Europeans. Africans were introduced to formal education by Europeans.
Why was Europe able to dominate most of the world?
Europeans came to dominate the world beginning in the late 15th century, according to Harari, because they held a different perspective from the rest of the world. Most empires only attacked what was adjacent, not an ocean and half a world away.
What were the effects of European colonialism in Africa?
Colonialism made African colonies dependent by introducing a mono- cultural economy for the territories. It also dehumanized African labour force and traders. It forced Africans to work in colonial plantations at very low wages and displaced them from their lands.